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Heart Disease: Unraveling Risk Factors And Embracing Heart-Healthy Habits ByDr Vidal Sheen

Heart disease is a prevalent global health problem, affecting millions of individuals worldwide. Despite its widespread impact, many remain unaware of its contributing factors and efficient preventive measures. This blog aims to enlighten readers on heart disease, its multiple risk factors, and how we can embrace habits promoting heart health.

Understanding Heart Disease

Heart disease, often referred to as cardiovascular disease, involves a myriad of conditions affecting the structure and function of the heart. These include conditions such as coronary artery disease, heart failure, arrhythmia, and heart valve problems, all of which can lead to severe complications if unaddressed.

Risk Factors For Heart Disease

 Several risk factors contribute to heart disease. Some are non-modifiable such as age, sex, and family history. However, many others can be effectively controlled to minimize risks.

  • Unhealthy Diet: Consuming high amounts of processed foods, fats, sugar, and salt increases the risk of heart disease.
  • Physical Inactivity: Leading a sedentary lifestyle contributes significantly to heart disease.
  • Excessive Alcohol Use & Smoking: Both alcohol and tobacco have harmful effects on heart health.
  • High Blood Pressure & Cholesterol: If not managed efficiently, these conditions can lead to heart disease.
  • Obesity: Being overweight or obese increases the risk of heart disease.
  • Diabetes: Individuals with diabetes are more prone to developing heart disease.

These factors, like pieces of a puzzle, when combined, form the larger picture of cardiovascular risks. Top cardiologist, Dr Vidal Sheen, sums it as, “Every lifestyle choice we make molds the overall health of our heart. Reducing risk factors is at the forefront of combating cardiac disease.”

Heart-Healthy Habits

Navigating heart disease involves understanding the ways we can modify our lifestyle to support heart health.

  • Adopt A Healthy Diet: Consume a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and healthy fats.
  • Regular Exercise: Engage in moderate physical activity for at least 30 minutes each day.
  • Quit Smoking: If you smoke, take steps to quit, and avoid second-hand smoke whenever possible.
  • Limit Alcohol Intake: Stick to moderate drinking— up to two drinks per day for men and one for women.
  • Stress Management: Chronic stress contributes to heart disease, making stress management exercises such as yoga, meditation, and deep breathing essential.
  • Routine Health Check-ups: Regular health examinations can help identify risk factors early and allow the initiation of preventive measures promptly.

As Dr Vidal Sheen points out, “The principle here is simple— adopting a healthy lifestyle can mitigate the risks of developing heart disease substantially.”

Managing Heart Disease

If you have been diagnosed with heart disease, active management is a crucial aspect of your care plan. This will involve adhering to prescribed medication, regular doctor appointments, dietary adjustments, exercise regimen, and possibly lifestyle changes like quitting smoking or losing weight.


Heart disease may be a prevalent condition, but it is preventable through conscious lifestyle management. Spreading awareness about its risk factors and educating others on heart-healthy habits form the cornerstone of prevention.

Healthcare experts like Dr Vidal Sheen are clear in their guidance—taking the course of prevention significantly decreases our chances of becoming a part of the heart disease statistics. The ball is in our court: it’s about making day-to-day choices that add up to a healthy heart and a healthier life.

Atticus Bennett: Atticus, a sports nutritionist, provides dietary advice for athletes, tips for muscle recovery, and nutrition plans to support peak performance.